LUCKNOW: With 97.1%, UP has recorded highest enrolment rate in schools in the last 15 years, shows the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2022, a national survey that sheds light on learning outcomes in schools.
Significant improvement is seen in enrolment in government schools in UP from 44.3% in 2018 to 59.6% in 2022. The increase is 15 percentage points as compared to 7 percentage points nationally. On the contrary, enrolment in private schools has dipped from 49.7% in 2018 to 36.4% in 2022.
But school attendance remains an issue with only 56.2% students present in the surveyed government primary school on the day of visit as against 59.9% in 2018, shows the report.
In 2010, 57.6% students attended schools on the day of the visit. There is also a steep decline in the presence of teachers in UP schools. In 2022, 79.8% teachers attended school on the day of visit in comparison to 85.6% in 2018. In 2010, 80.4% teachers were found present in schools on the day of survey visit.
Director general school education Vijay Kiran Anand said, “The School Chalo Abhiyan has paid off thus ensuing migration from private to government schools. A lesson plan-based pedagogy under the NIPUN Bharat Mission has helped us improved our learning outcomes. We will soon distribute tablets to schools for monitoring attendance of students and teachers.”
Though reading levels of children in UP fell overall (grades III, V and VIII), the survey shows improvement in arithmetic levels at all stages (grades III, V, VIII).
Overall, 1 in 4 children in UP in grade III and less than half in grade V can read a grade II level text.
In arithmetic, 29% of grade III children can do subtraction in comparison to 26.9% in 2018. Similarly, 31.7% of grade V and 31.6% of grade VIII children can solve division problems as against 29.8% (in grade V) and 29.7 (in grade VIII) in 2018 respectively. This change is visible in both type of schools, government and private.
The report states that there is an urgent need for “catch up” in basic reading and arithmetic from grade III onwards. The fall in overall reading levels between 2018 and 2022 is being driven by decline in reading levels of private school children. Only 38.5% grade III students studying in private schools can read grade II text in comparison to 45.4% in 2018.
The government schools here have gained. Around 16.4% children enrolled in grade III in government schools in UP can now read grade II text in comparison to 12.3% in 2018.
In UP, children’s ability to read simple English sentences in grade V has improved from 18.6% in 2016 to 24.1% in 2022. In 2022, this figure is roughly equal to the national average of 24.5%. Among these, half of the children (55.5%) can also tell the meaning of these sentences.

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